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Gestational diabetes: A type of diabetes mellitus that can occur when a woman is
pregnant. In the second half of her pregnancy, a woman may have glucose (sugar)
in her blood at a higher than normal level. In about 95 percent of cases, blood
sugar returns to normal after the pregnancy is over. Women who develop
gestational diabetes, however, are at risk for developing Type II diabetes later
Ghrelin: A hormone released from the stomach and the small intestine that
creates the sensation of hunger.
Glucagon: A hormone released from the pancreas that elevates blood sugar by
stimulating the release of glucose stores in the liver and muscle.
Glucose: A building block for most carbohydrates. Digestion causes carbohydrates
to break down into glucose. After digestion, glucose is carried in the blood and
goes to body cells where it is used for energy or stored.
Glycemic index: A measure of a food’s ability to raise the body’s blood
glucose level. Foods that have a low glycemic index do not raise blood
glucose levels to nearly the extent of high glycemic index foods.
Golfer's Elbow: A type of elbow pain that originates near the inside part of the
bony protrusion. This type of pain is also caused by a tear or rupture in the
tendon supporting the elbow bone.
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