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Degenerative Arthritis: The wearing away of cartilage that protects and
cushions joints including those in the spine, hands and feet (see Osteoarthritis).
Degenerative Disc Disease / Degenerative Joint Disease: A general term applied to
the "wearing out" of the spinal discs which serve as cushions between the spinal vertebrae,
resulting in a narrowing of the disc space, formation of osteophytes / bone
spurs on the vertebra itself and spinal disc desiccation. Furthermore, as the
disc spaces narrow, additional force is placed on the 2 facet joints associated
with the vertebral level causing a "mushrooming" effect, referred to
as facet joint hypertrophy, which is irreversible. It is common for patients to
be told they have "arthritis" without much more explanation.
Diabetes Mellitus - A disease that occurs when the body is not able to use
blood glucose (sugar). Blood sugar levels are controlled by insulin, a hormone
in the body that helps move glucose (sugar) from the blood to muscles and other
tissues. Diabetes occurs when the pancreas does not make enough insulin or the
body does not respond to the insulin that is made.
Disc Annulus: The outer lining of a disk (see Annulus Fibrosis).
Disc Nucleus: The inner core of a disk (see Nucleus Pulposus).
Discectomy: Surgical removal of part or the entire herniated
Diet: What a person eats and drinks. Any type of eating plan.
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